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Título

Differential expression of α-CGRP and β-CGRP genes within hypoglossal motoneurons in response to axotomy

AutorSarasa, Manuel; Terrado, José; Mengod Los Arcos, Guadalupe ; Climent, Salvador; Muniesa, Pedro; Palacios, José M.
Palabras claveIn situ hybridization
Hypoglossal nucleus
Gene expression
Motoneuron
Rat
Neurotrophic factor
Neuron regeneration
α-CGRP
β-CGRP
Axotomy
Fecha de publicaciónene-1996
EditorElsevier
CitaciónMolecular Brain Research 35(1-2): 269-277 (1996)
ResumenIn this study we have analysed, by in situ hybridization, the expression of the genes for both α-CGRP and β-CGRP in hypoglossal motor nuclei following transection of the left hypoglossal nerve. Our results show that the gene for α-CGRP displays a peculiar sequence of regulation (a successive up-down-up-recovery sequence) within ipsilateral hypoglossal motoneurons in response to axotomy. It is initially up-regulated, then down-regulated (displaying mRNA levels below basal), and later again up-regulated before recovery. By contrast, the gene for β-CGRP displays a successive and distinct up-down-recovery sequence of regulation (it does not display a second increase in mRNA production). The first up-regulation of the α-CGRP gene occurs just during the early period of perineuronal glial reaction and the second up-regulation just during the period of delayed astrocyte reaction and muscle reinnervation. Because α-CGRP is a neuron-derived factor for many types of cells, including astrocytes and skeletal myocytes, our results suggest that the pleiotropic α-CGRP may be a motoneuron-derived trophic signal for both glial and skeletal muscle cells in order to maintain the motoneuron itself and, in consequence, might be of therapeutic interest in treating degenerative diseases of motoneurons. β-CGRP might be redundant within the hypoglossal motoneurons.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0169-328X(95)00224-G
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/112656
DOI10.1016/0169-328X(95)00224-G
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/0169-328X(95)00224-G
issn: 0169-328X
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