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Title

The multi-KH domain protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Scp160p contributes to the regulation of telomeric silencing

AuthorsMarsellach, Francesc Xavier ; Huertas, Dori; Azorín, Ferran
Issue Date30-Jun-2006
PublisherAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitationJournal of Biological Chemistry 281(26): 18227-18235 (2006)
AbstractMulti-KH domain proteins are highly evolutionarily conserved proteins that associate to polyribosomes and participate in RNA metabolism. Recent evidence indicates that multi-KH domain proteins also contribute to the structural organization of heterochromatin both in mammals and Drosophila. Here, we show that the multi-KH domain protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Scp160p, contributes to silencing at telomeres and at the mating-type locus, but not to ribosomal silencing. The contribution of Scp160p to silencing is independent of its binding to the ribosome as deletion of the last two KH domains, which mediate ribosomal binding, has no effect on silencing. Disruption of SCP160 increases cell ploidy but this effect is also independent of the contribution of Scp160p to telomeric silencing as strong relief of silencing is observed in Δscp160 cells with normal ploidy and, vice versa, Δscp160 cells with highly increased ploidy show no significant silencing defects. The TPE phenotype of Δscp160 cells associates to a decreased Sir3p deposition at telomeres and, in good agreement, silencing is rescued by SIR3 overexpression and in a Δrif1 Δrif2 mutant. Scp160p shows a distinct perinuclear localization that is independent of its ability to bind ribosomes. Moreover, telomere clustering at the nuclear envelope is perturbed in Δscp160 cells and disruption of the histone deacetylase RPD3, which is known to improve telomere clustering, rescues telomeric silencing in Δscp160 cells. These results are discussed in the context of a model in which Scp160p contributes to silencing by helping telomere clustering. © 2006 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M601671200
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/112497
DOI10.1074/jbc.M601671200
Identifiersdoi: 10.1074/jbc.M601671200
issn: 0021-9258
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