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Consecutive alcoholic fermentations of white grape musts with yeasts immobilized on grape skins - Effect of biocatalyst storage and SO2 concentration on wine characteristics

AuthorsGenisheva, Zlatina; Vilanova de la Torre, María del Mar ; Mussatto, Solange I.; Teixeira, J. A.; Oliveira, J. M.
KeywordsGrape skins
Immobilized yeasts
Alcoholic fermentation
Issue DateDec-2014
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationFood Science and Technology 59 (2): 1114- 1122 (2014)
AbstractSaccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts, immobilized by natural adsorption on grape skins, were used to carry out the alcoholic fermentation step of a winemaking process. The viability of the immobilized cells was evaluated by the implementation of 7 successive fermentations of a white grape must containing 30 mg/L of SO2. The time to complete alcoholic fermentation, the physicochemical characteristics of the produced wines (ethanol, glycerol, organic acids, volatile compounds, color) and sensory properties were evaluated. A traditional fermentation with free cells was used as control. Three other fermentations were conducted after storage of the immobilized biocatalyst (30 d, 4 °C), the first one in the same conditions of the earlier assays, and the other two with higher amounts of SO2 (60 mg/L, 90 mg/L).Wines produced with immobilized cells presented physicochemical and sensory characteristics similar to those traditionally produced with free cells. After three consecutive fermentations, chromatic characteristics became similar to those of traditional wines, but the fermentation time had been reduced from 7 d to 4 d. The fermentative process and the characteristics of the produced wines were not significantly affected by the use of higher amounts of SO2. Immobilized biocatalysts could be stored at least one month without losing its activity. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2014.06.046
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.lwt.2014.06.046
issn: 0023-6438
Appears in Collections:(MBG) Artículos
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