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Fabrication and characterization of Y2O3 dispersion strengthened copper alloys

AuthorsCarro, G.; Muñoz, A. ; Monge, M.A.; Savoini, B.; Pareja, R.; Ballesteros Pérez, Carmen Inés; Adeva, Paloma
KeywordsPowder metallurgy
Tensile tests
Copper alloys
Issue Date2014
CitationJournal of Nuclear Materials 455 (1-3): 655-659 (2014)
Abstract© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Three copper base materials were fabricated following different routes: cast Cu-1 wt.%Y (C-Cu1Y) produced by vacuum induction melting, and Cu-1 wt.%Y (PM-Cu1Y) and Cu-1 wt.%Y2O3 (PM-Cu1Y2O3) both processed by a powder metallurgy route and sintering by hot isostatic pressing. PM-Cu1Y alloy was prepared by cryomilling and PM-Cu1Y2O3 by conventional milling at room temperature. The materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, optical and electron microscopy and microhardness measurements. C-Cu1Y presents a characteristic eutectic microstructure while PM-Cu1Y2O3 exhibits a composite like microstructure. Electron microscopy analyses of as-HIP PM-Cu1Y revealed irregular decoration of yttrium-rich oxides at the grain boundaries and an inhomogeneous dispersion of polygonal shaped yttrium-rich oxides dispersed in the Cu matrix. Tensile tests performed on PM-Cu-1Y on the temperature range of 293-773 K have showed a decrease of the yield strength at temperatures higher than 473 K, and monotonically decrease of the ultimate tensile strength and maximum plastic strain on increasing temperature.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.08.050
issn: 0022-3115
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