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Functional basis of protection against age-related macular degeneration conferred by a common polymorphism in complement factor B

AutorMontes, Tamara ; Tortajada, Agustín ; Morgan, B. Paul; Rodríguez de Córdoba, Santiago ; Harris, Claire L.
Palabras claveAlternative pathway
Fecha de publicación2-mar-2009
EditorNational Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
CitaciónProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (PNAS), doi: 10.1073/pnas.0812584106
ResumenMutations and polymorphisms in complement genes have been linked with numerous rare and prevalent disorders, implicating dysregulation of complement in pathogenesis. The 3 common alleles of factor B (fB) encode Arg (fB-32R), Gln (fB-32Q), or Trp (fB-32W) at position 32 in the Ba domain. The fB32Q allele is protective for age-related macular degeneration, the commonest cause of blindness in developed countries. Factor B variants were purified from plasma of homozygous individuals and were tested in hemolysis assays. The protective variant fB-32Q had decreased activity compared with fB-32R. Biacore comparison revealed markedly different proenzyme formation; fB-32R bound C3b with 4-fold higher affinity, and formation of activated convertase was enhanced. Binding and functional differences were confirmed with recombinant fB-32R and fB-32Q; an intermediate affinity was revealed for fB-32W. To confirm contribution of Ba to binding, affinity of Ba for C3b was determined. Ba-fB-32R had 3-fold higher affinity compared with Ba-fB-32Q. We demonstrate that the disease-protective effect of fB-32Q is consequent on decreased potential to form convertase and amplify complement activation. Knowledge of the functional consequences of polymorphisms in complement activators and regulators will aid disease prediction and inform targeting of diagnostics and therapeutics.
Descripción6 pages, 6 figures.-- PMID: 19255449 [PubMed].-- Supporting information (Suppl. Methods, Figs S1-S2) available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2009/02/27/0812584106/suppl/DCSupplemental
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0812584106
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