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New acrylic monolithic carbon molecular sieves for O2/N2 and CO2/CH4 separations

AutorValente Nabais, J. M.; Carrott, P. J. M.; Ribeiro Carrot, Maria Manuela; Padre-Eterno, A. M.; Menéndez Díaz, José Ángel ; Domínguez Padilla, Antonio ; Ortiz, A. L.
Palabras claveCarbon fibres
Molecular sieves
Heat treatment
Scanning electron microscopy
Adsorption properties
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2006
CitaciónCarbon 44(7): 1158-1165 (2006)
ResumenThe modification of activated carbon fibres prepared from a commercial textile acrylic fibre into materials with monolithic shape using phenolic resin as binder was studied. The molecular sieving properties for the gas separations CO2/CH4 and O2/N2 were evaluated from the gas uptake volume and selectivity at 100 s contact time taken from the kinetic adsorption curves of the individual gases. The pseudo-first order rate constant was also determined by the application of the LDF model. The samples produced show high CO2 and O2 rates of adsorption, in the range 3–35 × 10−3 s−1, and in most cases null or very low adsorption of CH4 and N2 which make them very promising samples to use in PSA systems, or similar. Although the selectivity was very high, the adsorption capacity was low in certain cases. However, the gas uptake in two samples reached 23 cm3 g−1 for CO2 and 5 cm3 g−1 for O2, which can be considered very good. The materials were heat-treated using a microwave furnace, which is a novel and more economic method, when compared with conventional furnaces, to improve the molecular sieves properties.
Descripción8 pages, 5 figures, 4 tables.-- Available online Dec 20, 2005.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2005.11.005
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