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Título

Theories and control models and motor learning: Clinical applications in neuro-rehabilitation | Teorías y modelos de control y aprendizaje motor. Aplicaciones clínicas en neurorrehabilitación

Autor Cano-de-la-Cuerda, R.; Molero-Sánchez, A.; Carratalá-Tejada, M.; Alguacil-Diego, I.; Molina-Rueda, F.; Miangolarra-Page, J.C.; Torricelli, Diego
Palabras clave Theories
Aprendizaje motor
Neuro-rehabilitation
Neurological diseases
Motor learning
Motor control
Control Motor
Modelos
Neurorrehabilitación
Patología neurológica
Teoría
Models
Fecha de publicación 2015
EditorDoyma
Citación Neurologia 30: 32- 41 (2015)
ResumenIntroduction: In recent decades there has been a special interest in theories that could explain the regulation of motor control, and their applications. These theories are often based on models of brain function, philosophically reflecting different criteria on how movement is controlled by the brain, each being emphasised in different neural components of the movement. The concept of motor learning, regarded as the set of internal processes associated with practice and experience that produce relatively permanent changes in the ability to produce motor activities through a specific skill, is also relevant in the context of neuroscience. Thus, both motor control and learning are seen as key fields of study for health professionals in the field of neuro-rehabilitation. Development: The major theories of motor control are described, which include, motor programming theory, systems theory, the theory of dynamic action, and the theory of parallel distributed processing, as well as the factors that influence motor learning and its applications in neuro-rehabilitation. Conclusions: At present there is no consensus on which theory or model defines the regulations to explain motor control. Theories of motor learning should be the basis for motor rehabilitation. The new research should apply the knowledge generated in the fields of control and motor learning in neuro-rehabilitation. © 2011 Sociedad Española de Neurología.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2011.12.010
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/111678
DOI10.1016/j.nrl.2011.12.010
ISSN1578-1968
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