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The potential of microwave technology for the recovery, synthesis and manufacturing of chemicals from bio-wastes

AutorBudarin, Vitaliy; Shuttleworth, Peter S.; De Bruyn, Mario; Farmer, Thomas J.; Gronnow, Mark J.; Pfaltzgraff, Lucie; Macquarrie, Duncan J.; Clark, James H.
Palabras claveHydrolysis
Pyrolysis
Chemicals
Energy
Biomass
Microwaves
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónCatalysis Today 239: 80-89 (2015)
ResumenThrough a series of case studies it is demonstrated that microwave dielectric heating can be a powerfultool to recover and synthesize valuable molecules from a wide range of biomass types. In addition, undermicrowave irradiation the production of chemicals from biomass proceeds at markedly lower temper-atures (up to 150?C) compared to conventional heating. This has a secondary benefit in that moleculeswith a high degree of functionality are produced while conventional heating tends to produce a greatproportion of lower value gases. Furthermore, the technical set-up of a microwave reactor can easilyaccommodate for an in-situ separation of acids and valuable products therewith improving the shelf lifeof the latter. The benefits of combining hydrothermal conditions with microwave irradiation are alsoillustrated. In addition, a specialized case of selective heating in a biphasic reaction system is discussed,allowing for improved yields and selectivity.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/111597
DOI10.1016/j.cattod.2013.11.058
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.cattod.2013.11.058
issn: 0920-5861
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