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Title

Variability of virgin olive oil phenolic compounds in a segregating progeny from a single cross in Olea europaea L. and sensory and nutritional quality implications

AuthorsPérez Rubio, Ana Gracia ; León, Lorenzo; Pascual, Mar ; Romero-Segura, Carmen ; Sánchez-Ortiz, Araceli ; Rosa, Raúl de la; Sanz, Carlos
Issue Date2014
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE 9 (2014)
AbstractVirgin olive oil phenolic compounds are responsible for its nutritional and sensory quality. The synthesis of phenolic compounds occurs when enzymes and substrates meet as olive fruit is crushed during the industrial process to obtain the oil. The genetic variability of the major phenolic compounds of virgin olive oil was studied in a progeny of the cross of Picual x Arbequina olive cultivars (Olea europaea L.). They belong to four different groups: compounds that included tyrosol or hydroxytyrosol in their molecules, lignans, flavonoids, and phenolic acids. Data of phenolics in the oils showed that the progeny displayed a large degree of variability, widely transgressing the genitor levels. This high variability can be of interest on breeding programs. Thus, multivariate analysis allowed to identify genotypes within the progeny particularly interesting in terms of phenolic composition and deduced organoleptic and nutritional quality. The present study has demonstrated that it is possible to obtain enough degree of variability with a single cross of olive cultivars for compounds related to the nutritional and organoleptic properties of virgin olive oil. © 2014 Pérez et al.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/111426
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0092898
Identifiersdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092898
issn: 1932-6203
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