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Bio-safe fabrication of PLA scaffolds for bone tissue engineering by combining phase separation, porogen leaching and scCO2 drying

AuthorsSalerno, Aurelio ; Fernández-Gutiérrez, Mar ; San Román, Julio ; Domingo, Concepción
KeywordsEthyl lactate
Phase separation
scCO2 drying
Bone tissue engineering
Biomimetic scaffold
Issue Date2015
CitationJournal of Supercritical Fluids 97: 238-246 (2015)
AbstractThe present study reports a three-step bio-safe process for fabricating porous polylactic acid (PLA) scaffolds with a biomimetic design of the porosity and the architecture and applications in bone tissue engineering (bTE). The process starts with a PLA-ethyl lactate solution and involves the combination of thermal induced phase separation (TIPS) and supercritical CO2 (scCO2) drying techniques for the development of a nano-fibrous architecture. In a third step, it was further combined with a gelatin leaching technique to create an additional interconnected network of large pores of appropriate size and distribution. The effect of the size of the gelatin particles, selected in three different ranges: 100-200, 200-400 and 400-600 μm, on the morphology, porosity and textural features of PLA scaffolds is assessed by means of scanning electron microscopy analysis, gravimetric measurements, image analysis and low-temperature N2 adsorption. Finally, in vitro cell culture tests are carried out by using human osteosarcoma cell line MG63 in order to evaluate the biological response of the different scaffolds prepared and to assess their potential for bTE applications.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.supflu.2014.10.029
issn: 0896-8446
e-issn: 1872-8162
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(ICMAB) Artículos
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