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Blockage of stylet tips as the mechanism of resistance to virus transmission by Aphis gossypii Glover in melon lines bearing the Vat gene

AutorMartín, B.; Rahbé, Y.; Fereres, Alberto
Palabras claveCucumber mosaic cucumovirus
Aphid probing behaviour
Myzus persicae
Virus transmission
Transmission rate
Fecha de publicaciónabr-2003
EditorAssociation of Applied Biologists
CitaciónAnnals of Applied Biology, Volume 142, Number 2, 1 April 2003 , pp. 245-250(6)
ResumenAphis gossypii is the main virus vector in muskmelon crops. The melon gene Vat confers resistance to non-persistent virus transmission by this aphid. The mechanism of this resistance is not well understood, but no relationship has been detected between resistance and the probing behaviour of aphids on resistant plants. Results presented here suggest that temporary blockage of aphid stylet tips preventing virus particle release may explain the resistance conferred by Vat gene. We performed experiments in which viruliferous aphids were allowed to probe different sequences of resistant (Vatbearing) and/or susceptible melon plants. The results demonstrated that A. gossypii inoculates Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) efficiently in susceptible plants having previously probed resistant plants, showing that the resistance mechanism is reversible. Furthermore, the infection rate obtained for susceptible plants was the same (25%) regardless of whether the transmitting aphid had come directly from the CMV source or had subsequently probed on resistant plants. This result suggests that virus is not lost from stylet to plant during probing of resistant plants, supporting the temporary blockage hypothesis. We also found that the ability of Myzus persicae to transmit CMV is noticeably reduced after probing on resistant plants, providing evidence that this aphid species also responds to the presence of the Vat gene. Finally, we also found that in probes immediately after virus acquisition M. persicae inoculates resistant plants with CMV more efficiently than susceptible plants, perhaps because the Vat gene product induces increased salivation by this aphid.
Versión del editorhttp://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/aab/annals/2003/00000142/00000002/art00012
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