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Theoretical study of the mechanisms of substrate recognition by catalase

AutorKalko, Susana Graciela; Gelpí, José Luis; Fita, Ignacio ; Orozco, Modesto
Fecha de publicación3-oct-2001
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónJournal of the American Chemical Society 123(39): 9665-9672 (2001)
ResumenA variety of theoretical methods including classical molecular interaction potentials, classical molecular dynamics, and activated molecular dynamics have been used to analyze the substrate recognition mechanisms of peroxisomal catalase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Special attention is paid to the existence of channels connecting the heme group with the exterior of the protein. On the basis of these calculations a rationale is given for the unique catalytic properties of this enzyme, as well as for the change in enzyme efficiency related to key mutations. According to our calculations the water is expected to be a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme, blocking the access of hydrogen peroxide to the active site. The main channel is the preferred route for substrate access to the enzyme and shows a cooperative binding to hydrogen peroxide. However, the overall affinity of the main channel for H2O2 is only slightly larger than that for H2O. Alternative channels connecting the heme group with the monomer interface and the NADP(H) binding site are detected. These secondary channels might be important for product release.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja010512t
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/ja010512t
issn: 0002-7863
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