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A conformationally flexible dinuclear PtII complex with differential behavior of its two states toward quadruplex DNA

AutorGrebe, Philipp von; Suntharalingam, Kogularamanan; Vilar, Ramón; Sanz Miguel, Pablo J. ; Herres-Pawlis, Sonja; Lippert, B.
Palabras claveDNA
Conformation analysis
Molecular tweezers
Coordination modes
Fecha de publicación2013
CitaciónChemistry - A European Journal 19(34): 11429-11438 (2013)
ResumenThe reaction of tetrakis(pyridine-2-yl)pyrazine (tppz) with 2 equiv of (2,2′-bpy)PtII in water yields two isomeric dinuclear cations, [{Pt(2,2′-bpy)}2(tppz)]4+, in which Pt coordination exclusively takes place through the two pairs of pyridine-2-yl nitrogen atoms. The two conformational isomers differ in their overall shape, with the formation of >Z> and >U> shapes, which are formed at 40°C (Z isomer, 1) and under reflux conditions (U isomer, 2), respectively. X-ray crystal-structure analyses of the Z isomer, [{Pt(2,2′-bpy)} 2(tppz)](PF6)4×3 CHCl3×4 H2O (1 a), and of the U isomer, [{Pt(2,2′-bpy)} 2](PF6)4×2 CH3CN×1.5 H2O (2 a), were carried out. Co-crystallization of compound 2 with PtCl2(2,2′-bpy) yielded [{Pt(2,2′-bpy)} 2(tppz)](BF4)4×[PtCl2(2, 2′-bpy)]×4.5 H2O (3), in which the PtCl 2(2,2′-bpy) entity was sandwiched between the two 2,2′-bpy faces of the U-shaped cation (2). Quantum chemical calculations revealed that the U isomer was more stable than the Z isomer, both in the gas phase and in an aqueous environment. These two isomers display different affinities toward duplex DNA and human telomeric quadruplex DNA (Htelo), as concluded from CD spectroscopy and FID assays. Thus, the U isomer binds significantly more strongly to quadruplex DNA (DC50=0.38 μM) than the Z isomer (DC50=8.50 μM). Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/chem.201301400
issn: 0947-6539
e-issn: 1521-3765
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