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Effect of ß-Cyclodextrin on Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids of the Milk Fat

AuthorsAlonso López, Leocadio ; Cuesta, Paloma
Issue DateSep-2012
Citation10th Euro Fed Lipid Congress (2012)
AbstractMilk contains approximately 3.4% total fat. Milk has the most complex fatty acid composition of edible fats. Over 400 individual fatty acids have been identified in milk fat. However, approximately 15 to 20 fatty acids make up 90% of the milk fat. The major fatty acids in milk fat are straight chain fatty acids that are saturated fatty acids (C4:0, C6:0, C8:0, C10:0, C12:0, C14:0, C16:0 and C18:0), monounsaturated fatty acids (C16:1, C18:1), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (C18:2, C18:3). Milk fat contains approximately 65% saturated, 30% monounsaturated, and 5% polyunsaturated fatty acids PUFA). The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) on polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) of the milk fat when the milk is treated with ß-CD with the purpose on removal cholesterol from the milk fat. Individual trans-linoleic acid did not show differences (P < 0.05) between control and treated milk, representing the high amount for the isomer C18:2-trans-11 cis-15 (0.433 ± 0.087) and C18:2-cis-9 trans-13 (0.182 ± 0.051). No difference (P < 0.05) for the linoleic acid C18:2 (n-6) for control milk (1.836 ± 0.068) and treated ß-CD milk (1.819 ± 0.058) was observed. In this study, the three conjugated linoleic acid isomers analysed were C18:2-cis-9 trans-11, C18:2-cis-11 trans-13 and C18:2-trans 10 cis-12. The main CLA isomer biologically active C18:2-cis-9 trans-11 (rumenic acid) did not show differences (P < 0.05) between control milk (0.672 ± 0.080) and ß-CD milk (0.663 ± 0.074). ß-CD is a effective oligosacharide for cholesterol removal from milk and does not affect significantly the PUFA of the milk fat.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado en el 10th Euro Fed Lipid Congress (Fats, Oils and Lipids: from Science and Technology to Health), celebrado del 23 al 26 de septiembre de 2012.
Appears in Collections:(IPLA) Comunicaciones congresos
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