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Title

Production of free conjugated linoleic acid by Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei of human intestinal origin

AuthorsAlonso López, Leocadio ; Cuesta, Paloma; Gilliland, S. E.
KeywordsConjugated linoleic acid
Lactobacillus
Probiotics
Gas liquid chromatography
Issue Date2003
PublisherAmerican Dairy Science Association
CitationJournal of Dairy Science 86: 1941-1946 (2003)
AbstractA gas chromatographic procedure was used for analysis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers cis-9, trans11-octadecadienoic; trans-10, cis-12 octadecadienoic; and trans-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic (c9t11, t10c12, t9t11) produced by lactobacilli. Four different cultures, two strains each of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei were tested for their ability to produce CLA from free linoleic acid in MRS broth supplemented with linoleic acid. Different concentrations of linoleic acid (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 mg/ml) were added to MRS broth, inoculated with the lactobacilli, and incubated at 37°C. Viable counts and amounts of individual isomers of CLA (c9t11, t10c12, t9t11) were measured at 0, 24, 48, and 72 h. All the cultures were able to produce free CLA in media supplemented with linoleic acid. Maximum production of CLA (80.14 to 131.63 μg/ml) was observed at 24 h of incubation in broth containing 0.02% of free linoleic acid. No significant (P > 0.05) increases in total CLA levels were observed after 24 h of incubation. The ability of the cultures to produce CLA in skim milk supplemented with 0.02% free linoleic acid also was studied. In this medium, the total amounts of free CLA after 24 h of incubation ranged from 54.31 to 116.53 μg/ml. The use of lactic acid bacteria able to form free CLA in cultured dairy products may have potential health or nutritional benefits. Free CLA in the products likely would be more readily available for absorption from the digestive tract than if it were incorporated into the cells of the starter culture.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73781-3
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/110989
DOI10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73781-3
Identifiersdoi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73781-3
issn: 0022-0302
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