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Sexual allocation in single-flowered hermaphroditic individuals in relation to plant and flower size

AuthorsMéndez, Marcos; Traveset, Anna
KeywordsOvule packaging
Size-dependent sex allocation
Allocation currency
Issue DateSep-2003
CitationOecologia 137(1): 69-75 (2003)
AbstractGender expression in hermaphroditic plant species usually departs from strict equisexuality. Study of those departures can aid understanding of non hermaphroditic breeding systems and prevalence of hermaphroditism within angiosperms. Plant size is one of the most studied factors in relation to gender modification. We studied variation in gender expression in the hermaphroditic, mostly single-flowered Paeonia cambessedesii. We separately studied gender modification with increasing plant and flower size using a variety of currencies: number of ovules and stamens, dry mass, N and P. Flower size and number of floral structures (petals, stamens, carpels, and ovules) increased with plant size. Number of ovules increased more rapidly with increasing plant size than number of stamens, indicating a bias towards femaleness with increasing plant size. A similar pattern was found when regressing number of stamens and number of seeds against plant size. Number of floral structures increased with increasing flower mass, but no significant difference was found between stamens and ovules in their rate of increase. Thus, gender modification at plant level was not consistent with patterns at flower level. No differential allocation to stamens vs gynoecium, or sexual structures vs petals was found when using dry mass, N or P as currencies. However, a disproportionate increase in female allocation was found when number of structures was utilised as currency. Study of size-dependent gender expression will benefit from contrast of results obtained using several analysis levels and allocation currencies.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-003-1319-z
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00442-003-1319-z
issn: 0029-8549
Appears in Collections:(IMEDEA) Artículos
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