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Combination of RGB and multispectral imagery for discrimination of Cabernet Sauvignon grapevine elements

AuthorsFernández Saavedra, Roemi E. ; Montes, Héctor ; Salinas, Carlota ; Sarria Paz, Javier F. ; Armada, Manuel
KeywordsPrecision viticulture
Cabernet Sauvignon
Optical filters
Multispectral imagery
Image processing
Issue Date2013
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationSensors 13: 7838- 7859 (2013)
AbstractThis paper proposes a sequential masking algorithm based on the K-means method that combines RGB and multispectral imagery for discrimination of Cabernet Sauvignon grapevine elements in unstructured natural environments, without placing any screen behind the canopy and without any previous preparation of the vineyard. In this way, image pixels are classified into five clusters corresponding to leaves, stems, branches, fruit and background. A custom-made sensory rig that integrates a CCD camera and a servo-controlled filter wheel has been specially designed and manufactured for the acquisition of images during the experimental stage. The proposed algorithm is extremely simple, efficient, and provides a satisfactory rate of classification success. All these features turn out the proposed algorithm into an appropriate candidate to be employed in numerous tasks of the precision viticulture, such as yield estimation, water and nutrients needs estimation, spraying and harvesting. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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