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The adsorption of chromium (VI) from industrial wastewater by acid and base-activated lignocellulosic residues

AuthorsÁlvarez Rodríguez, Patricia ; Blanco Rodríguez, Clara ; Granda Ferreira, Marcos
Acidic treatment
Basic treatment
Issue Date1-Jun-2007
CitationJournal of Hazardous Materials 144(1-2): 400-405 (2007)
AbstractThis study deals with the adsorption of Cr(VI) from synthetic and industrial wastewater, produced by a sewage plant. The activated carbons were prepared from a lignocellulosic raw material by thermal treatment at 450 and 650°C in the presence of acid (AlCl3, HCl, H3PO4 and H2SO4) and base (NaOH) agents. To optimize the adsorption of Cr(VI), the chemical modifications caused by each activating agent (related to the capability of Cr(VI) removal), and the optimal experimental conditions of the pH, Cr(VI) concentration, adsorbent dose and residence time, were studied. Thus, treatment with H3PO4 gives rise to carbons with a high surface area and high efficiency for Cr(VI) removal at short equilibrium times. In contrast, the generation of active surface sites by means of NaOH requires longer equilibrium times, the adsorption being less effective than in the former case. The adsorption isotherms obey the Langmuir equation only in the first stages of the reaction but fit the Freundlich equations over the whole range studied, so the heat of adsorption can be easily calculated. The results also show that the activated carbons obtained can be recovered by filtration with an efficiency of 30% in the third cycle.
Description6 pages, 4 figures, 4 tables.-- PMID: 17126488 [PubMed].-- Available online Oct 26, 2006.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.10.052
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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