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Evaluation of mitochondrial function and metabolic reprogramming during tumor progression in a cell model of skin carcinogenesis

AuthorsVallejo, Carmen G.; Cruz-Bermúdez, Alberto; Clemente, Paula; Hernández-Sierra, Rosana ; Garesse, Rafael ; Quintanilla, Miguel
Metabolic reprogramming
Issue Date2013
CitationBiochimie 95(6): 1171-1176 (2013)
AbstractMetabolic reprogramming from mitochondrial aerobic respiration to aerobic glycolysis is a hallmark of cancer. However, whether it is caused by a dysfunction in the oxidative phosphorylation pathway is still under debate. In this work, we have analyzed the bioenergetic cellular (BEC) index and the relative cell ability to grow in the presence of either galactose or glucose as sources of sugar (Gal/Glu index) of a system formed by four epidermal cell lines with increasing tumorigenic potentials, ranging from nontumorigenic to highly malignant. We find that the BEC index gradually decreases whereas the Gal/Glu index increases with tumorigenicity, indicating that a progressive metabolic adaptation to aerobic glycolysis occurs in tumor cells associated with malignancy. Interestingly, this metabolic adaptation does not appear to be caused by damaged respiration, since the expression and activity of components of the respiratory chain complexes were unchanged in the cell lines. Moreover, the corresponding mitochondrial ATP synthetic abilities of the cell lines were found similar. The production of reactive oxygen species was also measured. A shift in ROS generation was found when compared nontumorigenic with tumorigenic cell lines, the latter exhibiting about threefold higher ROS levels than nontumorigenic cells. This result indicates that oxidative stress is an early event during tumor progression. © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biochi.2013.01.001
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2013.01.001
issn: 0300-9084
e-issn: 1638-6183
Appears in Collections:(IIBM) Artículos
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