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Characterization of apple seed oil with Denomination of Origin from Asturias, Spain

Other TitlesCaracterización de aceite de semilla de manzanas con Denominación de Origen de Asturias, España
AuthorsBada Gancedo, Juan Carlos ; León Camacho, Manuel ; Copoví, Paula ; Alonso López, Leocadio
Ácidos grasos
Fatty acids
Issue Date2014
PublisherConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
CitationGrasas y Aceites 65(2): e027 (2014)
Abstract[EN] The content and composition of lipids isolated from the seeds of seven apple species from Asturias (Spain) were characterized. The highest content in oil corresponded to Collao (22.73±0.81 g·100 g-1 of seed), followed by Raxao and Riega (20.19±0.74 g·100 g -1 of seed; 19.67±0.85 g·100 g-1 of seed), respectively. The linoleic acid was found to be the main component in Limón Montés (60.78±3.07%) followed by Riega (60.01±3.41%). Solarina seed oil was the one with the highest content in total sterols (558.52±9.42 mg·100 g-1 of oil) while Blanquina was the one that presents the lowest amount (166.55±1.89 mg·100 g-1 of oil). Phosphatidylcholine (70.58±3.85%) was found to be the main constituent in Blanquina followed by Collaos (55.55±2.96%). Raxao presented the highest content in β-tocopherol (125.29±12.62) and α-tocopherol was the most important tocopherol in Limón Montés (84.68±5.61 mg·kg-1 of oil). The main triglycerides were LLP (41.17±1.98-39.32±1.66%) followed by LLL (27.12±1.32-17.80±1.96%). Good separation among specie samples according to the statistical analysis of the principal component (PCs) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA) was obtained. © 2014 CSIC.
[ES] Se ha caracterizado el contenido y composición de los lípidos aislados de semillas de siete especies de manzanas de Asturias (España). El contenido más alto en aceite correspondió a Collao (22.73±0.81 g·100 g−1 de semilla), seguida de Raxao y Riega (20.19±0.74 g·100 g−1 de semilla y 19.67±0.85 g·100 g−1 de semilla) respectivamente. El ácido linoleico fué el de mayor contenido en Limón Montés (60.78±3.07%) seguido por la Riega (60.01±3.41%). El contenido más alto en esteroles correspondió a Solarina (558.52±9.42 mg·100 g−1 de aceite) mientras que Blanquina fué el que presentó los valores más bajo (166.55±1.89 mg·100 g−1 de aceite). Fosfatidilcolina (70.58±3.85% del total FL) fué el principal constituyente en Blanquina seguida por Collao (55.55±2.96% del total FL). Raxao presentó el contenido más alto en β-tocoferol (125.29±12.62 mg·Kg−1 de aceite) y α-tocoferol en Limón Montés (84.68±5.61 mg·Kg−1 de aceite). Los triglicéridos principales fueron LLP (41.17±1.98−39.32±1.66%) seguido de LLL (27.12±1.32−17.80±1.96%). Se obtuvo una buena separación entre las distintas variedades de manzana teniendo en cuenta el análisis estadístico de los principales componentes (PCs) y el análisis discriminante linear (LDA).
DescriptionThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (by-nc) Spain 3.0 Licence.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/gya.109813
Identifiersdoi: 10.3989/gya.109813
e-issn: 1988-4214
issn: 0017-3495
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