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Preliminary studies on the valorization of animal flour ash for the obtainment of active glasses

AutorBarbieri, L.; Andreola, F.; Bellucci, D.; Cannillo, V.; Lancellotti, I.; Lugari, A.; Rincón, Jesús M.; Romero, Marcela; Sola, A.
Palabras claveAnimal flour ash
E. Biomedical applications
Fertilizer glasses
D. Glass
C. Chemical properties
Fecha de publicación2014
CitaciónCeramics International 40: 5619- 5628 (2014)
ResumenAnimal flour ash, rich in phosphorous, calcium and alkaline oxides, has been used to formulate (i) controlled-release fertilizers, since they manage to release the nutrient elements (P, K) at a low rate, and (ii) bioactive glasses. (i) Four formulations were tailored using different amounts of animal flour ash (35-48 wt%), potassium carbonate (10-25 wt%) and a fixed amount of glassy sand (40 wt%) in order to get glasses and glass-ceramics. The materials were characterised from a chemical (XRF), crystallographic (XRD) and microstructural (SEM/EDS) point of view. Moreover, in order to check the ability to release the macro- and micro-nutrients, tests were conducted to determine the kinetics of glass dissolution in different media (2% citric acid solution, 1% hydrochloric acid solution and ammonium citrate solution). The results obtained allowed to confirm all samples show a very low solubility in water (less than 1%) and high values (>40%) of P, Ca, K and Na in the other media. (ii) The rich content of phosphorous and calcium oxides makes the animal waste-derived ash a potential low-cost raw material to produce bioactive glasses. The analysis was focused on a bioactive glass, named BG-Ca, whose composition comes from the standard Bioglass® 45S5, got by increasing as much as possible the CaO content to combine a controlled behaviour during processing and a good apatite-forming ability in a simulated body fluid (SBF). This preliminary investigation shows that animal flour ash is a versatile material, which may be successfully used for several applications as various as the production of fertilisers and the preparation of bioactive glasses. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.10.156
issn: 0272-8842
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