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Title

Experimental evidence that egg color indicates female condition at laying in a songbird

AuthorsMoreno Klemming, Juan ; Lobato, Elisa ; Morales, Judith ; Merino, Santiago ; Tomás, Gustavo ; Martínez de la Puente, Josué ; Sanz, Juan José ; Mateo, Rafael ; Soler, Juan José
Keywordsbiliverdin
color analysis
egg coloration
eggshell pigments
female condition
food supplement
nutrition
phenotypic quality
sexual selection
signaling
Issue Date2006
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationBehavioral Ecology 17: 651-655 (2006)
AbstractThe signaling hypothesis of eggshell coloration in birds is based on the assumption that females of species with blue-green eggs signal their phenotypic quality to their mates through deposition of the antioxidant biliverdin as pigment. Egg pigmentation may be an expression of the condition of females at laying or of genetic linkages between egg color and female performance variables. We have supplemented 16 pied flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca, females with mealworms before and during laying and compared the mass and color of their eggs as measured on the day of laying to those of 16 control females with the same nest construction and laying dates and clutch sizes. Supplemented females laid significantly heavier and more intensely blue-green eggs than control females. Egg blue-green chroma was significantly associated with the amount of biliverdin in eggshells. Egg color, and thus biliverdin content, is an expression of female condition at laying.
Publisher version (URL)http://beheco.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/4/651.abstract
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/110588
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/ark014
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