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First report of Meloidogyne incognita infecting spinach in southern Spain

AutorCastillo, Pablo ; Jiménez-Díaz, Rafael M.
Palabras claveMeloidogyne incognita
Infecting Spinach
Southern Spain
Fecha de publicaciónjul-2003
EditorAmerican Phytopathological Society
CitaciónPlant Disease, Volume 87, Number 7, Page 874, July 2003
ResumenSevere plant yellowing and decline were recently observed in two commercial fields of spinach (Spinacia oleracea cv. Polka) in Encinarejo (Córdoba), southern Spain. Disease surveys revealed severe infections of main and feeder roots and a large soil population of the southern root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. The nematode population was extracted and quantified from soil and root samples according to Barker (1) and identified by female perineal pattern, phenotype esterases, and host-differential test (3,4). M. incognita was found in 100% of soil samples and 85.7% of root samples with nematode population densities ranging from 44 to 378 eggs and second-stage juveniles (J2s) per 100 cm3 of soil and 162 to 725 eggs and J2s per 5 g of fresh roots. Infected roots showed large, regular galls on root tips and also along the main root axis and secondary feeder roots. Galling of root tips prevents further root growth into deeper soil layers and induced proliferation of secondary roots. The severe infections in roots of spinach suggest that parasitism of spinach roots by the nematode must contribute to stunting, yellowing, and decline of spinach as previously reported (2). To our knowledge, this is the first report of M. incognita infecting spinach in Spain.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.7.874C
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