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Lime enhanced gasification of solid fuels: Examination of a process for simultaneous hydrogen production and CO2 capture

AuthorsWeimer, Thomas; Berger, Roland; Hawthorne, Craig; Abanades García, Juan Carlos
KeywordsCO2 capture
CO2 absorption
Issue DateJul-2008
CitationFuel 86(8-9): 1678-1686 (2008)
AbstractThe lime enhanced gasification (LEGS) process uses CaO as a CO2 carrier and consists of two coupled reactors: a gasifier in which CO2 absorption by CaO produces a hydrogen-rich product gas, and a regenerator in which the sorbent is calcined producing a high purity CO2 gas stream suitable for storage. The LEGS process operates at a pressure of 2.0 MPa and temperatures less than 800°C and therefore requires a reactive fuel such as brown coal. The brown coal ash and sulfur are purged from the regenerator together with CaO which is replaced by fresh limestone in order to maintain a steady-state CaO carbonation activity (a(ave)). Equilibrium calculations show the influence of process conditions and coal sulfur content on the gasifier carbon capture (>95% is possible). Material balance calculations of the core process show that the required solid purge of the sorbent cycle is mainly attributed to the necessary removal of ash and CaSO4 if the solid purge is used as a pre-calcined feedstock for cement production. The decay in the CaO capture capacity over many calcination–carbonation cycles demands a high sorbent circulation ratio but does not dictate the purge fraction. A thermodynamic analysis of a LEGS-based combined power and cement production process, where the LEGS purge is directly used in the cement industry, results in an electric efficiency of 42% using a state of the art combined cycle.
Description9 pages, 6 figures, 6 tables.-- Available online Sep 29, 2007.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2007.08.023
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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