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Title

Procedure to use phosphogypsum industrial waste for mineral CO2 sequestration

AuthorsCárdenas, Cristian; Morales-Flórez, Víctor ; Pérez-López, R.; Santos, Alberto; Esquivias, L.
KeywordsPhosphogypsum
Separation impurities
Mineral sequestration
Industrial waste
Alkaline solution
CO2 capture
Issue Date2011
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Hazardous Materials 196: 431- 435 (2011)
AbstractIndustrial wet phosphoric acid production in Huelva (SW Spain) has led to the controversial stockpiling of waste phosphogypsum by-products, resulting in the release of significant quantities of toxic impurities in salt marshes in the Tinto river estuary. In the framework of the fight against global climate change and the effort to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, a simple and efficient procedure for CO2 mineral sequestration is presented in this work, using phosphogypsum waste as a calcium source. Our results demonstrate the high efficiency of portlandite precipitation by phosphogypsum dissolution using an alkaline soda solution. Carbonation experiments performed at ambient pressure and temperature resulted in total conversion of the portlandite into carbonate. The fate of trace elements present in the phosphogypsum waste was also investigated, and trace impurities were found to be completely transferred to the final calcite. We believe that the procedure proposed here should be considered not only as a solution for reducing old stockpiles of phosphogypsum wastes, but also for future phosphoric acid and other gypsum-producing industrial processes, resulting in more sustainable production.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/109758
DOI10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.039
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.039
issn: 0304-3894
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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