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Larnite powders and larnite/silica aerogel composites as effective agents for CO2 sequestration by carbonation

AuthorsSantos, Alberto; Ajbary, M.; Morales-Flórez, Víctor ; Kherbeche, A.; Piñero, M.; Esquivias, L.
Larnite-silica aerogel composites
Mineral sequestration
Issue Date2009
CitationJournal of Hazardous Materials 168: 1397- 1403 (2009)
AbstractThis paper presents the results of the carbonation reaction of two sample types: larnite (Ca2SiO4) powders and larnite/silica aerogel composites, the larnite acting as an active phase in a process of direct mineral carbonation. First, larnite powders were synthesized by the reaction of colloidal silica and calcium nitrate in the presence of ethylene glycol. Then, to synthesize the composites, the surface of the larnite powders was chemically modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), and later this mixture was added to a silica sol previously prepared from tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS). The resulting humid gel was dried in an autoclave under supercritical conditions for the ethanol. The textures and chemical compositions of the powders and composites were characterized.The carbonation reaction of both types of samples was evaluated by means of X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. Both techniques confirm the high efficiency of the reaction at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. A complete transformation of the silicate into carbonate resulted after submitting the samples to a flow of pure CO2 for 15 min. This indicates that for this reaction time, 1 t of larnite could eliminate about 550 kg of CO2. The grain size, porosity, and specific surface area are the factors controlling the reaction. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.03.026
issn: 0304-3894
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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