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Title

In vitro characterization of the splicing efficiency and fidelity of the RmInt1 group II intron as a means of controlling the dispersion of its host mobile element

AuthorsChillón, Isabel; Molina-Sánchez, M.D.; Federova, Olga; García-Rodríguez, Fernando; Martínez-Abarca, Francisco; Toro, Nicolás
KeywordsRNA circles
RmInt1
group II intron
ribozyme
splicing
Issue Date21-Oct-2014
PublisherRNA Society
CitationRNA 20: 2000-2010 (2014)
AbstractGroup II introns are catalytic RNAs that are excised from their precursors in a protein-dependent manner in vivo. Certain group II introns can also react in a protein-independent manner under nonphysiological conditions in vitro. The efficiency and fidelity of the splicing reaction is crucial, to guarantee the correct formation and expression of the protein-coding mRNA. RmInt1 is an efficient mobile intron found within the ISRm2011-2 insertion sequence in the symbiotic bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti. The RmInt1 intron self-splices in vitro, but this reaction generates side products due to a predicted cryptic IBS1∗ sequence within the 3′ exon. We engineered an RmInt1 intron lacking the cryptic IBS1∗ sequence, which improved the fidelity of the splicing reaction. However, atypical circular forms of similar electrophoretic mobility to the lariat intron were nevertheless observed. We analyzed a run of four cytidine residues at the 3′ splice site potentially responsible for a lack of fidelity at this site leading to the formation of circular intron forms. We showed that mutations of residues base-pairing in the tertiary EBS3– IBS3 interaction increased the efficiency and fidelity of the splicing reaction. Our results indicate that RmInt1 has developed strategies for decreasing its splicing efficiency and fidelity. RmInt1 makes use of unproductive splicing reactions to limit the transposition of the insertion sequence into which it inserts itself in its natural context, thereby preventing potentially harmful dispersion of ISRm2011-2 throughout the genome of its host.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1261/rna.047407.114
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/109728
DOI10.1261/rna.047407.114
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