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An assessment of the contributing factors to the nanoscale structural refinement of advanced bainitic steels

AuthorsCornide, Juan; García Mateo, Carlos ; Capdevila, Carlos ; García Caballero, Francisca
KeywordsPhase transformation
Nanostructured materials
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
Issue Date2013
CitationJournal of Alloys and Compounds 577s: S43- S47 (2013)
AbstractA new generation of steels has been designed, which on transformation at low temperature (200¿350 °C), leads to a nano-scale microstructure, known as NANOBAIN. The microstructure consists of slender crystals of ferrite, whose controlling scale compares well with that of carbon nanotubes (20¿40 nm). These advanced steels present the highest strength/toughness combinations ever recorded in bainitic steels. Their properties are mainly a consequence of the formation of nanoscale bainitic ferrite plates at very low temperatures. Transmission electron microscopy observations have shown that plastic relaxation in the austenite adjacent to the bainite plates may control the final size of the bainitic ferrite plates. The dislocation debris generated in this process resists the advance of the bainitic ferrite¿austenite interface, the resistance being greatest for strong austenite. The yield strength of the austenite must then feature in any assessment of plate size. In this scenario, the plates are expected to become thicker at high temperatures because the yield strength of the austenite will then be lower. The goal of this study is to evaluate the influence of yield strength of austenite to the nanoscale structural refinement of advanced bainitic steels. In this sense, in situ measurements of austenite strength before bainite formation using a deformation dilatometer Bähr 805D have been performed in a medium carbon high silicon steel transforming at intermediate temperatures (325¿400 °C) to a submicron structure of bainite and in a high carbon high silicon steel transforming at low temperatures (200¿350 °C) to nanostructured bainite. The role of the transformation driving force on the bainite plate thickness will be also discussed.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2011.11.066
issn: 0925-8388
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