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Nitrate metabolism in alfalfa root nodules under water stress

AuthorsBecana Ausejo, Manuel ; Aparicio-Tejo, Pedro María ; Sánchez-Díaz, Manuel
KeywordsAssimilatory and dissimilatory NO3 Reduction
Nodule cytosol
Water stress
Medicago sativa
Issue DateJun-1986
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJournal of Experimental Botany 37 (6): 798-806 (1986)
AbstractThree-month-old plants (vegetative stage) of alfalfa (Medicago saliva L cv. Aragon) were supplied for one week with 1.0dm3 (uniformly distributed) nutrient solutions containing 0 or 20 mol m-3 NO3-. One week after initiation of NO3- treatment, the plants were subjected to drought by withholding water. Bacteroids and cytosol of nodules were obtained at different stages of stress, and used for enzyme assays and for determination of NH4+, NO2- and NO3-.Proteins of bacteroids were more stable than cytosolic proteins with respect to the detrimental effects of water stress and . NO2-. Protein contents of bacteroids and cytosol were inversely related to proteolytic activities against azocasein in both nodule fractions.Specific nitrate reductase activity (NRA) and nitrite reductase activity (NiRA) of bacteroids from NO3--treated plants were inhibited by c. 70% and 45%, respectively, as leaf water potential (ψw) declined from -0.5 MPa (control) to -1.8 MPa. At still lower ψw both activities began to increase: NRA was doubled, whereas NiRA only returned to its control level. Cytosolic NRA was strongly inhibited by drought, but the corresponding NiRA remained constant.Ammonia concentration in bacteroids and nodule cytosol kept basically constant, whereas . NO2- accumulated in the cytosol at severe stress, due to the activation of bacteroid nitrate reductase.Results indicate that nitrate and nitrite reductases of the bacteroids and the nodule cytosol act in different form: assimilatory, the cytosolic enzymes; and dissimilatory, the enzymes of bacteroids at low ψw The possibility that assimilation of NO3- also occurs in bacteroids at control or mild water stress conditions is suggested.
Description9 Pags.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/37.6.798
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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