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Title

Experimental Virus Evolution Reveals a Role of Plant Microtubule Dynamics and TORTIFOLIA1/SPIRAL2 in RNA Trafficking

AuthorsPena, Eduardo Jose; Ferriol, Inmaculada; Sambade, Adrián; Buschmann, Henrik; Niehl, Annette; Elena, Santiago F. ; Rubio, Luis; Heinlein, Manfred
KeywordsTOBACCO-MOSAIC-VIRUS
ARABIDOPSIS CORTICAL MICROTUBULES
MOVEMENT PROTEIN
CELL-WALLS
TRANSGENIC PLANTS
HELICAL GROWTH
COAT PROTEIN
ORGANIZATION
COMPLEXES
INFECTION
Issue Date18-Aug-2014
PublisherPublic Library of Science
CitationPLoS ONE (9): e105364 (2014)
AbstractThe cytoskeleton is a dynamic network composed of filamentous polymers and regulatory proteins that provide a flexible structural scaffold to the cell and plays a fundamental role in developmental processes. Mutations that alter the spatial orientation of the cortical microtubule (MT) array of plants are known to cause important changes in the pattern of cell wall synthesis and developmental phenotypes; however, the consequences of such alterations on other MT-network-associated functions in the cytoplasm are not known. In vivo observations suggested a role of cortical MTs in the formation and movement of Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) RNA complexes along the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Thus, to probe the significance of dynamic MT behavior in the coordination of MT-network-associated functions related to TMV infection and, thus, in the formation and transport of RNA complexes in the cytoplasm, we performed an evolution experiment with TMV in Arabidopsis thaliana tor1/spr2 and tor2 mutants with specific defects in MT dynamics and asked whether TMV is sensitive to these changes. We show that the altered cytoskeleton induced genetic changes in TMV that were correlated with efficient spread of infection in the mutant hosts. These observations demonstrate a role of dynamic MT rearrangements and of the MT-associated protein TORTIFOLIA1/SPIRAL2 in cellular functions related to virus spread and indicate that MT dynamics and MT-associated proteins represent constraints for virus evolution and adaptation. The results highlight the importance of the dynamic plasticity of the MT network in directing cytoplasmic functions in macromolecular assembly and trafficking and illustrate the value of experimental virus evolution for addressing the cellular functions of dynamic, long-range order systems in multicellular organisms.
Description1 tabla y 2 figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105364
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/108822
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0105364
ISSN1932-6203
Appears in Collections:(IBMCP) Artículos
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