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Seasonal and mesoscale variability of primary production in the deep winter-mixing region of the NW Mediterranean

AutorEstrada, Marta ; Latasa, Mikel ; Emelianov, Mikhail ; Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Andrés ; Fernández-Castro, B.; Isern-Fontanet, Jordi ; Mouriño-Carballido, Beatriz; Salat, Jordi ; Vidal, Montserrat
Palabras claveNW Mediterranean
Primary production
Chlorophyll a
Seasonal bloom
Fecha de publicacióndic-2014
EditorPergamon Press
CitaciónDeep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 94: 45-61 (2014)
ResumenThe phytoplankton bloom in the Liguro-Provençal deep convection region represents one of the main fertilization mechanisms in the Mediterranean. This communication examines nano- and microphytoplankton observations, and measurements of primary production and chlorophyll a concentration (Chl a) in the southwestern part of the deep convection region, where such information is scarce. Data were obtained from four cruises, carried out in 2005 (EFLUBIO project) and 2009 (FAMOSO project), covering the seasonality between mid-March and September in the region. Our aims were to constrain primary production estimates and to ascertain the importance of short-term variability on the photosynthetic response of phytoplankton assemblages during bloom, post-bloom and late-summer stratification periods in the area. Overall, the initial slope of the P-E relationship (αB) increased and the Chl a-normalized photosynthetic rate (PmB) decreased with increasing optical depth of sample origin, but there were exceptions. In general, there were marked seasonal trends, with stratification increasing and Chl a concentration, primary production and dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphate fluxes decreasing from winter to late summer. Chl a at 5m depth reached a maximum of 7mgm-3 on 25 March 2005, one of the highest values measured in the region. Average surface values (±SD) ranged from respectively 2.4±2.3mgm-3 and 2±0.7mgm-3 in the March 2005 and March 2009 cruises to 0.12±0.01mgm-3 in the September 2009 cruise. Vertically integrated (0-80m) primary production (PPint) attained 1800mgCm-2d-1 in March 2009, with an average of 1024±523mgCm-2d-1, and decreased to a mean of 141±0.43mgCm-2d-1 in September 2009. Superimposed to the seasonal trends, there was a considerable within-cruise variability of biomass and primary production, especially during the spring-winter bloom and post-bloom periods, when PPint could change more than threefold within a few days. These differences were mainly associated with the intense hydrographic mesoscale and sub-mesoscale heterogeneity in the region and with the differences in the physiological and ecological history of the phytoplankton communities inhabiting the different water bodies. In late summer, most PPint variability could be explained by fluctuations in surface incident irradiance. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Descripción17 pages, 12 figures, 3 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2014.08.003
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2014.08.003
issn: 0967-0637
e-issn: 1879-0119
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