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Título

Transcriptomics of cryophilic Saccharomyces kudriavzevii reveals the key role of gene translation efficiency in cold stress adaptations

Autor Tronchoni, Jordi; Medina Muñoz, Víctor ; Guillamón, José Manuel ; Querol, Amparo ; Pérez Torrado, Roberto
Palabras clave Saccharomyces cerevisiae
S. kudriavzevii
Transcriptomics
Cold stress
Translation
Fecha de publicación 4-jun-2014
EditorBioMed Central
Citación BMC Genomics 15: 432 (2014)
Resumen[Background] Comparative transcriptomics and functional studies of different Saccharomyces species have opened up the possibility of studying and understanding new yeast abilities. This is the case of yeast adaptation to stress, in particular the cold stress response, which is especially relevant for the food industry. Since the species Saccharomyces kudriavzevii is adapted to grow at low temperatures, it has been suggested that it contains physiological adaptations that allow it to rapidly and efficiently acclimatise after cold shock.
[Results] In this work, we aimed to provide new insights into the molecular basis determining this better cold adaptation of S. kudriavzevii strains. To this end, we have compared S. cerevisiae and S. kudriavzevii transcriptome after yeast adapted to cold shock. The results showed that both yeast mainly activated the genes related to translation machinery by comparing 12°C with 28°C, but the S. kudriavzevii response was stronger, showing an increased expression of dozens of genes involved in protein synthesis. This suggested enhanced translation efficiency at low temperatures, which was confirmed when we observed increased resistance to translation inhibitor paromomycin. Finally, 35S-methionine incorporation assays confirmed the increased S. kudriavzevii translation rate after cold shock.
[Conclusions] This work confirms that S. kudriavzevii is able to grow at low temperatures, an interesting ability for different industrial applications. We propose that this adaptation is based on its enhanced ability to initiate a quick, efficient translation of crucial genes in cold adaptation among others, a mechanism that has been suggested for other microorganisms.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-432
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/108198
DOI10.1186/1471-2164-15-432
ISSN1471-2164
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