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Efficient Hybrid Continuous-Time/Discrete-Time Cascade Modulators for Wideband Applications

AutorGarcía-Sánchez, J. Gerardo ; Rosa, José M. de la
Palabras claveAnalog-to-digital converters
Sigma-delta modulators
Hybrid continuous-time/discrete-time
Multi-rate signal processing
Sigma-delta modulators
Fecha de publicación2014
CitaciónMicroelectronics Journal, 45(10):1234-1246 (2014)
ResumenThis paper analyses the use of hybrid continuous-time/discrete-time cascade ΣΔ modulators for the implementation of power-efficient analog-to-digital converters in broadband wireless communication systems. Two alternative implementations of multi-rate cascade architectures are studied and compared with conventional single-rate continuous-time topologies, taking into account the impact of main circuit-level error mechanisms, namely: mismatch, finite dc gain and gain-bandwidth product. In all cases, closed-form design equations are derived for the nonideal in-band noise power of all ΣΔ modulators under study, providing analytical relationships between their system-level performance and the corresponding circuit-level error parameters. Theoretical predictions match simulation results, showing that the lowest performance degradation is obtained by a new kind of multi-rate hybrid ΣΔ modulator, in which the front-end (continuous-time) stage operates at a higher rate than the back-end (discrete-time) stages. As a case study, the design of a hybrid GmC/switched-capacitor fourth-order (two-stage, 4-bit) cascade ΣΔ modulator is discussed to illustrate the potential benefits of the presented approach
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2013.10.017
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