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Non-radial growth of helical homopolymer crystals: Breaking the paradigm of the polymer spherulite microstructure

AuthorsRosenthal, Martin; Hernandez, Jaime J.; Odarchenko, Yaroslav I.; Soccio, Michelina ; Lotti, Nadia; Cola, Emanuela di; Burghammer, Manfred; Ivanov, Dimitri A.
KeywordsCrystalline lamella twist
Banded polymer spherulite
Polymer crystallization
Maltese cross
X-ray nanodiffraction
Issue Date2013
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationMacromolecular Rapid Communications 34: 1815- 1819-1819 (2013)
AbstractRadial symmetry is essential for the conventional view of the polymer spherulite microstructure. Typically it is assumed that, in the course of the spherulite morphogenesis, the lamellar crystals grow radially. Using submicron X-ray diffraction, it is shown that in banded spherulites of poly(propylene adipate) the crystals have the shape of a helix with fl at-on crystals winding around a virtual cylinder of about 6 ¿m in diameter. The helix angle of 30 °?implies that the crystal growth direction is tilted away from the spherulite radius by this angle. The implications of the helical crystal shape contradict the paradigm of the spherulitic microstructure. The radial growth rate of such spherulites does not correspond to the crystal growth rate, but to the propagation rate of the virtual cylinder the ribbons wind around. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/marc.201300713
issn: 1022-1336
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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