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Chlorophyll Fluorescence Detection with a High-Spectral Resolution Spectrometer through in-filling of the O2-A band as function of Water Stress in Olive Trees

AuthorsZarco-Tejada, Pablo J. ; Pérez-Priego, Óscar ; Sepulcre-Cantó, G. ; Miller, John R.; Fereres Castiel, Elías
KeywordsLeaf fluorescence
Canopy fluorescence
Fluorescence in-filling
O2-A bande
Issue Date2004
AbstractA high spectral resolution spectrometer of 0.065 nm FWHM in the 680-770 nm range was used for collecting spectral measurements in an orchard of olive trees in Spain under 3 different water stress treatments. The measurements were conducted as part of validation efforts for the FluorMOD project funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) to advance the science of vegetation fluorescence simulation. Diurnal steadystate chlorophyll fluorescence was measured from leaves in the field during summer 2004 using the PAM-2100 fluorometer to study the effects of water stress on chlorophyll fluorescence. Water potential, photosynthesis, and stomatal conductance on trees were also measured in a weekly basis to track the effects of water stress on the tree status and functioning. Infrared Apogee sensors were placed on top of the trees for diurnal thermal data collection, studying the effects of water stress on the tree temperature as an indicator of stress. The Ocean Optics HR-2000 spectrometer was used to measure irradiance and radiance spectra from above tree crowns under different stress conditions. The spectral measurements of irradiance with a cosine corrector and crown radiance with bare fibre were acquired from a pole 7 m in height to collect nadir radiance from the top of tree crowns. Analysis in the red edge covering the 680-770 nm range enabled the study of the chlorophyll fluorescence in-filling in the O2-A band at 760 nm. Results of the spectral analysis and simulation using the FluorMOD radiative transfer model demonstrate that water stress effects on steady-state fluorescence are detectable at the tree level in the O2-A band from reflectance spectra due to the in-filling effects.
Description2nd International Workshop on Remote Sensing of Vegetation Fluorescence, 17-19 Nov. 2004, Montreal, Canada
Appears in Collections:(IAS) Comunicaciones congresos
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