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Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university-industry relations

AutorPerkmann, Markus; Tartari, Valentina; D'Este Cukierman, Pablo ; Geuna, Aldo; Grimaldi, Rosa; Llerena, Patrick; Salter, Ammon; Sobrero, Maurizio
Palabras claveAcademic consulting
Collaborative research
Commercialisation
Academic entrepreneurship
Technology transfer
University–industry relations
Fecha de publicación2013
EditorElsevier
CitaciónResearch Policy 42(2): 423-442 (2013)
ResumenA considerable body of work highlights the relevance of collaborative research, contract research, consulting and informal relationships for university-industry knowledge transfer. We present a systematic review of research on academic scientists' involvement in these activities to which we refer as 'academic engagement'. Apart from extracting findings that are generalisable across studies, we ask how academic engagement differs from commercialisation, defined as intellectual property creation and academic entrepreneurship. We identify the individual, organisational and institutional antecedents and consequences of academic engagement, and then compare these findings with the antecedents and consequences of commercialisation. Apart from being more widely practiced, academic engagement is distinct from commercialisation in that it is closely aligned with traditional academic research activities, and pursued by academics to access resources supporting their research agendas. We conclude by identifying future research needs, opportunities for methodological improvement and policy interventions. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
DescripciónOpen Access funded by Economic and Social Research Council, under a Creative Commons license.-- et al.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/104445
DOI10.1016/j.respol.2012.09.007
Identificadoresissn: 0048-7333
e-issn: 1873-7625
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