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Modeling of sorption enhanced steam methane reforming in an adiabatic fixed bed reactor

AuthorsFernández García, José Ramón ; Abanades García, Juan Carlos ; Murillo Villuendas, Ramón
KeywordsCO2 capture
Packed bed
Chemical reactors
Dynamic simulation
Issue DateDec-2012
CitationChemical Engineering Science 84: 1-11 (2012)
AbstractSorption enhanced methane reforming (SER), employing a CaO-based solid as a high temperature CO2 sorbent, is generally considered to be a promising route for H2 production. In this paper we present a dynamic pseudo-homogeneous model to describe the operation of a packed bed reactor in which the SER reaction is carried out under adiabatic conditions. This reactor can be implemented according to several process schemes, including a novel Ca/Cu looping process for hydrogen generation with inherent CO2 capture. The proposed SER model is based on the well-established principles of gas–solid contact and heat transfer in fixed-bed reactors and on the kinetic expressions published in the literature that describe the main reactions involved in the process. The resulting model describes the transient performance of the SER reaction and confirms the theoretical viability of this critical reaction stage in a large scale H2 production facility. It is demonstrated that the SER process can yield a CH4 conversion and H2 purity of up to 85% and 95%, respectively, under operating conditions of 923 K, 3.5 MPa, a steam/carbon ratio of 5 and a space velocity of 3.5 kg/m2 s.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2012.07.039
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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