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Conceptual design of a Ni-based chemical looping combustion process using fixed-beds

AuthorsFernández García, José Ramón CSIC ORCID ; Abanades García, Juan Carlos CSIC ORCID
KeywordsChemical looping combustion
Ni-based oxygen carrier
Adiabatic fixed-bed reactor
CO2 capture
Gas recycle
Issue Date2014
CitationApplied Energy 135: 309-319 (2014)
AbstractThis work presents a comprehensive conceptual design of a Ni-based chemical looping combustion process (CLC) carried out in fixed bed reactors. The process is intended to exploit the well-known advantages of the Ni/NiO redox system for CLC applications in terms of high reactivity, O2 carrying capacity and chemical and thermal stability. Solutions to the problem of heat management in fixed bed reactors at high temperature and high pressure are described, while a continuous flow of nitrogen for driving a gas turbine is produced. Each reactor involved in the process goes through a cyclic sequence of five reaction and heat transfer stages. Cool product gas recirculations are incorporated into the Ni oxidation and NiO reduction stages in order to moderate the maximum temperatures in the beds and control the displacement of the reaction and heat transfer fronts. A preliminary conceptual design of the process has been carried out to determine the minimum number of reactors needed for continuous operation in typical large-scale CO2 capture systems. Basic reactor models and assumptions based on an ideal plug flow pattern have been used in all the reactors during the chemical reactions and the heat transfer operations. This has made it possible to identify reasonable operating windows for the eight fixed-bed reactors that make up the CO2 capture system, and has demonstrated not only its technical viability but also its great potential for further development.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.08.069
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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