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Evaluating the reinforcement of inorganic fullerene-like nanoparticles in thermoplastic matrices by depth-sensing indentation

AuthorsFlores, Araceli ; Naffakh, Mohammed ; Díez-Pascual, Ana M. ; Ania, F. ; Gómez-Fatou, Marián A.
Issue Date2013
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Physical Chemistry C 117: 20936- 20943 (2013)
AbstractThe reinforcing effect of inorganic fullerene-like tungsten disulfide (IF-WS2) nanoparticles in two different polymer matrices, isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and polyphenylene sulfide (PPS), has been investigated by means of dynamic depth-sensing indentation. The hardness and elastic modulus enhancement upon filler addition is analyzed in terms of two main contributions: changes in the polymer matrix nanostructure and intrinsic properties of the filler including matrix-particle load transfer. It is found that the latter mainly determines the overall mechanical improvement, whereas the nanostructural changes induced in the polymer matrix only contribute to a minor extent. Important differences are suggested between the mechanisms of deformation in the two nanocomposites, resulting in a moderate mechanical enhancement in case of iPP (20% for a filler loading of 1%), and a remarkable hardness increase in case of PPS (60% for the same filler content). The nature of the polymer amorphous phase, whether in the glassy or rubbery state, seems to play here an important role. Finally, nanoindentation and dynamic mechanical analysis measurements are compared and discussed in terms of the different directionality of the stresses applied. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jp406513y
issn: 1932-7447
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(CFMAC-IEM) Artículos
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