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Title

Seasonal changes in substrate utilization patterns by bacterioplankton in the Amundsen Gulf (western Arctic)

AuthorsFernández-Gómez, Beatriz ; Sala, M. Montserrat ; Pedrós-Alió, Carlos
KeywordsBiolog
Arctic Ocean
Metabolic diversity
Microbial community
Carbon source
Polynya
Issue DateSep-2014
PublisherSpringer
CitationPolar Biology 37(9): 1321-1329 (2014)
AbstractDue to logistic difficulties, biological processes along the Arctic winter remain poorly known. In particular, carbon sources used by bacterioplankton have not been identified. A previous study in Franklin Bay suggested that polymers were one of the main substrates used by bacteria. During the Circumpolar Flaw Lead System Study, we analyzed metabolic capabilities of the heterotrophic bacterioplankton using Biolog MT2 MicroPlates® amended with custom-selected substrates. Our purpose was to test whether the use of polymers was a peculiarity of Franklin Bay or a robust feature of the Arctic winter community. Seventeen stations were sampled in the Amundsen Gulf (western Arctic), a very dynamic area with heterogeneous ice conditions, from February to July 2008, at the surface (0-12 m), intermediate depths (20-70 m), and near the bottom (200 m). In winter, when nutrients and chlorophyll a concentrations were low, the number of substrates used was close to zero. In early spring, when the levels of chlorophyll a increased, so did the number of substrates used. This was followed by a 1-month period with no substrates used in April and May. Finally, the activity recovered toward the summer. Amino acids were occasionally used. However, the group of substrates most commonly used at all depths was carbohydrates, especially cellobiose, maltose, N-acetyl-d-glucosamine and glycogen. All these are either polymers or monomers derived from polymers. These results confirm that the heterotrophic bacterial assemblage relies heavily on polysaccharides for subsistence during the Arctic winter. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Description9 pages, 4 figures, 2 tables
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00300-014-1523-9
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/103116
DOI10.1007/s00300-014-1523-9
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00300-014-1523-9
issn: 0722-4060
e-issn: 1432-2056
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