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Título

End-to-end crosstalk within the hepatitis C virus genome mediates the conformational switch of the 3′X-tail region

Autor Romero-López, C.; Barroso del Jesús, Alicia; García-Sacristán, Ana ; Briones, Carlos ; Berzal-Herranz, Alfredo
Fecha de publicación 17-sep-2013
EditorOxford University Press
Citación Nucleic Acids Research
Resumen[EN]The hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA genome contains multiple structurally conserved domains that make long-distance RNA–RNA contacts important in the establishment of viral infection. Microarray antisense oligonucelotide assays, improved dimethyl sulfate probing methods and 2′ acylation chemistry (selective 2’-hydroxyl acylation and primer extension, SHAPE) showed the folding of the genomic RNA 3′ end to be regulated by the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element via direct RNA–RNA interactions. The essential cis-acting replicating element (CRE) and the 3′X-tail region adopted different 3D conformations in the presence and absence of the genomic RNA 5′ terminus. Further, the structural transition in the 3′X-tail from the replication-competent conformer (consisting of three stem-loops) to the dimerizable form (with two stem-loops), was found to depend on the presence of both the IRES and the CRE elements. Complex interplay between the IRES, the CRE and the 3′X-tail region would therefore appear to occur. The preservation of this RNA–RNA interacting network, and the maintenance of the proper balance between different contacts, may play a crucial role in the switch between different steps of the HCV cycle.
Versión del editorhttp://nar.oxfordjournals.org/content/42/1/567
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/102995
DOI10.1093/nar/gkt841
ISSN0305-1048
E-ISSN1362-4962
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