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Quantification of glucosinolates in leaves of leaf rape (Brassica napus ssp. pabularia) by near-infrared spectroscopy

AuthorsFont, Rafael ; Río Celestino, Mercedes del ; Cartea González, María Elena ; Haro Bailón, Antonio de
KeywordsBrassica napus
Rapeseed nabicol leaf
Near-infrared spectroscopy
Issue DateJan-2005
CitationPhytochemistry 66 (2): 175–185 (2005)
AbstractThe potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for screening the total glucosinolate (t-GSL) content, and also, the aliphatic glucosinolates gluconapin (GNA), glucobrassicanapin (GBN), progoitrin (PRO), glucoalyssin (GAL), and the indole glucosinolate glucobrassicin (GBS) in the leaf rape (Brassica napus L. ssp. pabularia DC), was assessed. This crop is grown for edible leaves for both fodder and human consumption. In Galicia (northwestern Spain) it is highly appreciated for human nutrition and have the common name of “nabicol”. A collection of 36 local populations of nabicol was analysed by NIRS for glucosinolate composition. The reference values for glucosinolates, as they were obtained by high performance liquid chromatography on the leaf samples, were regressed against different spectral transformations by modified partial least-squares (MPLS) regression. The coefficients of determination in cross-validation (r2) shown by the equations for t-GSL, GNA, GBN, PRO, GAL and GBS were, respectively, 0.88, 0.73, 0.81, 0.78, 0.37 and 0.41. The standard deviation to standard error of cross-validation ratio, were for these constituents, as follows: t-GSL, 2.96; GNA, 1.94; GBN, 2.31; PRO, 2.11; GAL, 1.27, and GBS, 1.29. These results show that the equations developed for total glucosinolates, as well as those for gluconapin, glucobrassicanapin and progoitrin, can be used for screening these compounds in the leaves of this species. In addition, the glucoalyssin and glucobrassicin equations obtained, can be used to identify those samples with low and high contents. From the study of the MPLS loadings of the first three terms of the different equations, it can be concluded that some major cell components as protein and cellulose, highly participated in modelling the equations for glucosinolates.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2004.11.011
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