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Influence of water filtration on the determination of a wide range of dissolved contaminants at parts-per-trillion levels

AuthorsGómez-Gutiérrez, Anna I.; Jover Comas, Eric; Bayona Termens, Josep María; Albaigés Riera, Joan
KeywordsFilter adsorption
Dissolved/particulate partitioning
Organic contaminants
Dissolved organic carbon
Water salinity
Issue Date30-Jan-2007
CitationAnalytica Chimica Acta 583(1): 202-209 (2007)
AbstractThe adsorption of dissolved organic contaminants on glass fibre filters throughout water dissolved/particulate phase decoupling studies was examined. A total of 49 different compounds were considered at low concentration levels (ng L−1), including PAHs, PCBs, organochlorine and organophosphorus pesticides, triazines, thiocarbamates, pyrethroids, phosphate esters and caffeine. Their adsorption on the filters was positively correlated with their logKow and solubilities, indicating that filter adsorption increased with hydrophobicity. The influence of water properties (i.e. salinity and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) content) was also studied by means of a star experimental design (n = 11). Salinity was the main factor in increasing the adsorption, due to the salting out effect. The influence of DOC suggested that part of the contaminant losses during water filtration may have been caused by the retention on the organic matter adsorbed on the filter surface. Nevertheless, a decrease in filter retention was observed for water with the highest DOC contents, which was probably due to an enhancement of the contaminant solubility in these conditions. Although several factors may control the adsorption process in naturally occurring waters, the extent of the retention of dissolved target analytes on the glass fibre filters should not be underestimated in the analysis of hydrophobic contaminants in marine and estuarine waters at very low concentrations (ppt level).
Description8 pages, 3 tables, 4 figures.-- PMID: 17386547 [PubMed].-- Online version available Oct 5, 2006.
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