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Detection and tracking of dynamic objects by using a multirobot system: Application to critical infrastructures surveillance

AuthorsRodríguez-Canosa, Gonzalo R.; Cerro, Jaime del ; Barrientos, Antonio
Laser scanner
Vehicle detection
Critical infrastructure surveillance
Issue Date2014
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationSensors 14: 2911- 2943 (2014)
AbstractThe detection and tracking of mobile objects (DATMO) is progressively gaining importance for security and surveillance applications. This article proposes a set of new algorithms and procedures for detecting and tracking mobile objects by robots that work collaboratively as part of a multirobot system. These surveillance algorithms are conceived of to work with data provided by long distance range sensors and are intended for highly reliable object detection in wide outdoor environments. Contrary to most common approaches, in which detection and tracking are done by an integrated procedure, the approach proposed here relies on a modular structure, in which detection and tracking are carried out independently, and the latter might accept input data from different detection algorithms. Two movement detection algorithms have been developed for the detection of dynamic objects by using both static and/or mobile robots. The solution to the overall problem is based on the use of a Kalman filter to predict the next state of each tracked object. Additionally, new tracking algorithms capable of combining dynamic objects lists coming from either one or various sources complete the solution. The complementary performance of the separated modular structure for detection and identification is evaluated and, finally, a selection of test examples discussed. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
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