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Identification of unknown pesticides in fruits using ultra-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry Imazalil as a case study of quantification

AuthorsPicó, Yolanda; Farré Urgell, Marinel.la; Soler, Carla; Barceló, Damià
KeywordsPesticide residues
Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QqTOF-MS)
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)
Food safety
Non-target analysis
Accurate mass measurements
Unknown identification
Target quantification
Issue Date30-Oct-2007
CitationJournal of Chromatography A, 1176(1-2): 123-134 (2007)
AbstractUltra-high-performance liquid chromatography–quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QqTOF-MS) is an emerging technique offering more rapid and efficient separation, as well as the possibility to obtain accurate mass measurement and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). This paper deals with the use of UPLC-QqTOF-MS to identify the pesticide residues present in complex pear extracts. Carbendazim, imazalil, and ethoxyquin were successfully identified because of the accurate mass determination of their protonated molecule and their major fragments in the product ion mass spectra. A few plastic and latex additives were also found, most of them probably coming from the packaging transfer to the fruits. The potential of the UPLC-QqTOF-MS and UPLC-QqTOF-MS/MS techniques as a quantification tool is also discussed taking imazalil as example. For quantification, calibration curves were linear over a dynamic range of 2 orders of magnitude, whereas higher calibration ranges are better adjusted to polynomial curves of second and third order. Quantification using different mass windows was also assessed. Accurate quantification required mass windows as wide as 20 mDa, narrower mass windows of 5 mDa provided erroneous quantification, probably because the low ion abundance. The mean recoveries and percentage relative standard deviation (RSD) of 35 determinations for imazalil were 76% (13% RSD) by MS and 77% (14% RSD) by MS/MS. The theoretical limit of detection was 0.4 μg kg−1, with a validated limit of quantification of 2 μg kg−1. The quantitative data obtained using UPLC-QqTOF-MS were compared with those obtained using conventional liquid chromatography (LC)-MS/MS with a triple quadrupole (QqQ). It was concluded that UPLC-QqTOF-MS might become a powerful analytical tool for both, unknown’s identification and quantification of target pesticides.
Description12 pages, 5 tables, 6 figures.-- PMID: 18021786 [PubMed].-- Printed version published on Dec 28, 2007.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.10.071
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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