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Dynamic study of polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) copolymer in bulk and confined in cylindrical nanopores

AuthorsMaiz, Jon ; Gu, Yu; Arbe, Arantxa ; Alegría, Ángel ; Colmenero de León, Juan ; Russell, Thomas P.; Mijangos, Carmen
KeywordsDielectric spectroscopy broadband
AAO templates
PS-b-P4VP copolymers
Issue Date2014
CitationPolymer 55(16): 4057-4066 (2014)
AbstractAAO template is highly recommended to nanostructure polymers and to study polymer properties under confinement. The dynamic properties of polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) under confinement using broadband dielectric spectroscopy are investigated in this work and the results compared to those of the bulk. Anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes, having pore diameters from tens to hundreds of nanometers in size, were used to confine PS-b-P4VP. Moreover, the influence of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) in the copolymer matrix was also studied. The morphology and structure of the bulk copolymer and the copolymer confined in the AAO templates were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and Small Angle X-Ray Scattering. For PS-b-P4VP in bulk, dielectric relaxation techniques allowed studying selectively the P4VP segmental dynamics within the diblock. At high temperature this copolymer presents a dominant peak (MWS relaxation), most likely originated by the relatively high conductivity combined with the presence of interfaces emerging in the nanostructured samples. Moreover, a pronounced β-relaxation is observed for the copolymer compared with that of pure P4VP. This is likely due to a non-negligible contribution from the α-relaxation of the PS component. The γ-relaxation is markedly different in the copolymer, which is evidenced by a distinct temperature dependence of the resulting relaxation times. When the copolymer is embedded in alumina nanopores with small pore diameters (25 and 35 nm) there are significant changes, where the tendency is going to a faster dynamics when the pore diameter decreases more likely related to the relevance of surface effects. The presence of the AuNPs in the system enhances this effect. These results are in agreement with segregated structures found in the block copolymer by TEM and SAXS.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2014.05.042
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.05.042
issn: 0032-3861
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