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Título

Improved electro-assisted removal of phosphates and nitrates using mesoporous carbon aerogels with controlled porosity

Autor Macías, Carlos; Lavela, P.; Rasines, Gloria; Zafra, M. C.; Tirado, J.L.; Ovín Ania, María Concepción
Palabras clave Carbon aerogel
Electrosorption
Voltammetry
Impedance spectroscopy
Fecha de publicación jul-2014
EditorSpringer
Citación Journal of Applied Electrochemistry 44(8): 963-976 (2014)
ResumenThree-activated carbon aerogels were synthesized by CO2 activation of the materials prepared by the polycondensation of resorcinol and formaldehyde mixtures followed by supercritical drying. The obtained carbon aerogels were characterized and used as electrode materials for the electrosorption of sodium phosphate and nitrate. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy showed the dependence of the structural ordering of the aerogels with the resorcinol/catalyst ratio and the extent of activation. The electrosorption capacitance evaluated by cyclic voltammetry revealed large values for the activated samples containing a large contribution of mesopores, regardless the electrolyte salt. Due to an adequate combination of chemical and porous features, the desalting capacity of the activated carbon aerogel electrodes exceeded that of the as-prepared materials. The evaluation of the kinetic properties by chronocoulometric relaxation and impedance spectroscopy showed a decrease of time constant and resistances for highly mesoporous activated samples. A high deionization capacity and fast electrode discharge was detected for the deionization of sodium nitrate on the highly mesoporous activated aerogel. Data also showed the efficient electrosorption of ionic species on consecutive charge/discharge cycles, confirming the stability of the aerogel electrodes at the high applied potentials.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10800-014-0705-z
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/102386
DOI10.1007/s10800-014-0705-z
ISSN0021-891X
E-ISSN1572-8838
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