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Patenting at public research organisations: a multidisciplinary approach

AutorAzagra Caro, Joaquín ; Romero de Pablos, Ana
Fecha de publicación29-sep-2006
CitaciónExTra/DIME 2nd Workshop. 29-30 septiembre 2006, Lausana (Suiza)
ResumenIn this paper, we stress two points. First, analysis of public patenting should expand their focus from universities to Public Research Organisations (PRO). Second, a multidisciplinary approach allows for a richer view and interpretation of results. We adopt historical and economic perspectives to address these issues, with data from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), the largest PRO in Spain. We distinguish three periods in the history of CSIC, according to the political context: dictatorship (1939-1975), transition to democracy (1976-1986) and democracy (1987-to date). The legal and institutional framework conditioned the evolution of patenting by CSIC along these periods, finally characterised by sustained growth, priority of certain scientific areas and frequent technological cooperation. For the late period, we explore the trends of some other economic inputs of patents and we show that not all of them are coherent with the objective of having more patents. We conclude that the political and normative context may shape the patent culture of PRO like CSIC and that whereas returns to scale are decreasing or constant for university patents, they are increasing for patents applied for by PRO like CSIC. The historical approach guides the definition of homogenous periods and the interpretation of time effects, while the economic approach quantifies some of the relations and puts into question the validity of descriptive rankings, e.g. of scientific areas by number of patents.
Descripción27 pages, 13 tables
Aparece en las colecciones: (CCHS-IFS) Comunicaciones congresos
(INGENIO) Comunicaciones congresos
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