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Título

Yield and fruit quality of four sweet corn hybrids (Zea mays) under conventional and integrated fertilization with vermicompost

Autor Lazcano, Cristina; Revilla Temiño, Pedro; Malvar Pintos, Rosa Ana; Domínguez, Jorge
Palabras clave Crop yield
Vermicomposting
Genotype × environment interaction
Organic fertilizers
Soil fertility
Sustainable agriculture
Fecha de publicación may-2011
EditorBlackwell Publishing
Citación Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 91(7): 1244–1253 (2011)
ResumenBACKGROUND: Vermicompost has been proposed as a valuable fertilizer for sustainable agriculture. The effects of vermicompost on yield and quality of sweet corn were evaluated in this study. In two field trials, sweet corn plants were grown under (i) a conventional fertilization regime with inorganic fertilizer, and integrated fertilization regimes in which 75% of the nutrients were supplied by the inorganic fertilizer and 25% of the nutrients were supplied by either (ii) rabbit manure, or (iii) vermicompost. All three types of fertilization regime were supplied at two doses. Two pairs of nearly isogenic sweet corn hybrids homozygous for sugary1 and shrunken2 mutants were included in the trials to explore fertilizer × genotype interactions. Growth, yield and ear quality of the plants were evaluated in relation to the three fertilization regimes
RESULTS: In general, the integrated regimes yielded the same productivity levels as the conventional treatment. Moreover, both vermicompost and manure produced significant increases in plant growth and marketable yield, and also affected the chemical composition and quality of the marketable ear. Nevertheless, most of the observed effects of the organic fertilizers were genotype-dependent.
CONCLUSION: The results confirm that the use of organic fertilizers such as vermicompost has a positive effect on crop yield and quality. Nevertheless, these effects were not general, indicating the complexity of the organic amendment–plant interactions and the importance of controlling genetic variation when studying the effects of vermicompost on plant growth. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4306
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/102217
DOI10.1002/jsfa.4306
ISSN0022-5142
E-ISSN1097-0010
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