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Dietary protein quality differentially regulates trypsin enzymes at the secretion and transcription level in Panulirus argus by distinct signaling pathways

AutorPerera, Erick; Rodríguez-Viera, Leandro; Rodríguez-Casariego, Javier; Fraga, Iliana; Carrillo, Olimpia; Martínez-Rodríguez, Gonzalo ; Mancera, Juan Miguel
Palabras claveSpiny lobster
Protein digestion
Digest regulation
Panulirus argus
Fecha de publicación1-mar-2012
EditorCompany of Biologists
CitaciónJournal of Experimental Biology 215: 853-862 (2012)
ResumenThe effects of pelleted diets with different protein composition (fish, squid or soybean meals as main protein sources) on trypsin secretion and expression were studied in the lobster Panulirus argus. Trypsin secretion was shown to be maximal 4h after ingestion. At this time, fish-and squid-based diets induced trypsin secretion, as well as up-regulation of the major trypsin isoform at the transcription level. While fish-and squid-based diets elicited a prandial response, soybean-based diet failed to stimulate the digestive gland to secrete trypsin into the gastric fluid or induce trypsin expression above the levels observed in fasting lobsters. In vitro assays showed that intact proteins rather than protein hydrolysates stimulate trypsin secretion in the lobster. However, the signal for trypsin transcription appears to be different to that for secretion and is probably mediated by the appearance of free amino acids in the digestive gland, suggesting a stepwise regulation of trypsin enzymes during digestion. We conclude that trypsin enzymes in P. argus are regulated at the transcription and secretion level by the quality of dietary proteins through two distinct signaling pathways. Our results indicate that protein digestion efficiency in spiny lobsters can be improved by selecting appropriated protein sources. However, other factors like the poor solubility of dietary proteins in dry diets could hamper further enhancement of digestion efficiency. © 2012. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1242/jeb.063925
issn: 0022-0949
e-issn: 1477-9145
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